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Home page...
Library Corner...
February 2003

The routines have already fallen back into place. It is hard to believe February is already upon us. This library corner has been put together primarily as a result of On-line reading as current issues of Journals in the library were rather scarce. I am getting the hang of on-line reading so I suggest that those of you who haven't tried it give it a go and persevere with it. It does get easier.

It also gives me great pleasure to include a contribution from Andrew Coates regarding recent papers of interest to those working in the pediatric field.

The American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine has an interesting review of the papers published during 2002 put together by the editor. Topics covered were:

  • Sleep Disordered Breathing
  • Asthma, Airway Biology and Nasal Disorders
  • Pediatrics, Surfactant and Cystic Fibrosis
  • Tuberculosis, Lung Infections, Interstitial Lung Disease and Journalology
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Pollution, Pulmonary Vascular Disease, Transplantation, Pleural Disease and Lung Cancer.

M.J.Tobin, Am J Resp Crit Care Med 2003; 167: Feb 1st issue

There were a couple of other interesting papers in the same issue:

  • Differences in Airway Inflammation in Patients with Fixed Airflow Obstruction Due to Asthma or Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. L.M. Fabrini et al, ibid 418
  • Asymptomatic Airway Hyperresponsiveness. A Curiosity or an Opportunity to Prevent Asthma? L.-P. Boulet. Ibid 371.

American Journal of Physiology had a few interesting papers, interesting but not always relevant.

  • Heart Failure and the Brain: new perspectives R.B. Felder, Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2003; 284:R259
  • Why is VO2 max after altitude acclimatization still reduced despite normalization of arterial O2 content? J.A.L. Colbet et al. ibid R304
  • Central nervous system effects of caffeine and adenosine on fatigue. J.M. Davis et al. ibid R399

A delightful piece of light relief, but a true story, can be found in Annals Internal Medicine

  • A Memorable Patient. S Goldfinger. Ann Int Med 2003; 138:154

Something that may be of interest to some members on a personal level and to others who may be doing exercise tests

  • Guidelines of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists for exercise during pregnancy and the postpartum period. R. Artal and M. O'Toole. Br J Sports Med 2003; 37:6

There was a string of editorials in Chest that are worth a quick look

  • Altitude Pulmonary Edema Below 8,000 feet. What are we missing? L.W.Raymond, Chest 2003; 123:5
  • Cheyne-Stokes Respiration and Congestive Heart Failure. Are Oxygen Stores the Critical Factor? M.R.Littner and S. Han. Ibid 7
  • Entropy Isn't what it Used To Be. Applying Thermodynamics to Respiration in Sleep. L.K.Brown, ibid 9
  • Diagnosis of Cardiac Sarcoidosis: An Imperfect Science, A Hesitant Art. O.P. Sharma, ibid 18.

The European Journal had a few papers with more than a passing reference to the respiratory laboratory workload

  • Bronchodilation test in COPD: effect of inspiratory manoeuvre preceding forced expiration. P.Santus, Eur Resp J 2003; 21:82
  • Effect of inhaled bronchodilators or inspiratory capacity and dyspnoea at rest in COPD. F.DiMarco et al. ibid: 86
  • The role of concomitant respiratory diseases ont her ate of decline in FEV1.0 among adult asthmatics. D.Sherrill et al. ibid 95
  • Exhaled Carbon Monoxide in lung disease. P. Paredi et al. ibid 197.

And from our own region,

  • The relationship between FEV1.0 and PEF in the assessment of the severity of airway obstruction. P. Llewellin et al Respirology 2002; 7:333.

I also came across an excellent publication that should be of interest to those doing ECG's either at rest or on exercise.

  • ABC of Clinical Electrocardiography. Edited by F Morris, J Edhouse, W.J. Brady and J.Camm. BMJ books 2003.

Andrew Coates has submitted a selection of recent papers for the benefit of those working in the Pediatric area. Thank you Andrew and I hope to hear from more of those working with children.

Those interested in cough and asthma, relevant to children and extending to adults, will find these two worthwhile. Perhaps cough measurement will emerge as one of our regular tasks. Also Dr Ric Roberts is an ANZSRS member...

  • Cough, airway inflammation, and mild asthma exacerbation. A B Chang, V A Harrhy, J Simpson, I B Masters, P G Gibson. Arch Dis Child 2002;86:270-275
  • Relation between measurements of cough severity. A B Chang, P D Phelan, C F Robertson, R G D Roberts, S M Sawyer Arch Dis Child 2003;88:57-60

A novel method of measuring trapped gas in infants using SF6 washout. Well worth a read...

  • Method for Assessment of Volume of Trapped Gas in Infants During Multiple-Breath Inert Gas Washout. M. Gustafsson, Sigun Kallman, Henrik Ljungberg, Anders Lindblad. Pediatric Pulmonology 35:42-49 (2003)

Another RFT filter study this time looking at Ps Aeruginosa relevant to CF patients. The results vary widely

  • Do In-Line Respiratory Filters Protect Patients? Comparing Bacterial Removal Efficiency of Six Filters. Anne-Marie Canakis, Bernard Ho, Sharon Ho, Danuta Kovach, Anne Matlow, Allan L. Coates Pediatric Pulmonology 34:336-341 (2002)

And another about filters and their small effect on paediatric lung function results, similar to that of adults

  • Effect of bacterial filters on spirometry measurements. A W A Kamps, K Vermeer, R J Roorda, P L P Brand. Arch Dis Child 2001;85:346-347

Progress in providing meaningful RFT measurements in young CF patients incapable of spirometry is reported in the following

  • Pulmonary Function Tests in Preschool Children with Cystic Fibrosis. Nicole Beydon, Francis Amsallem, Mireille Bellet, Miche`le Boule´, Miche`le Chaussain, Andre´ Denjean, Re´gis Matran, Isabelle Pin, Corinne Alberti, Claude Gaultier, and the French Paediatric PHRC Group. Am J Respir Crit Care Med Vol 166. pp 1099-1104, 2002

And here is the first reported study demonstrating decreased Rint post bronchodilation in normal healthy children

  • Pre/Postbronchodilator Interrupter Resistance Values in Healthy Young Children. Nicole Beydon, Francis Amsallem, Michèle Bellet, Michèle Boule, Michèle Chaussain, André Denjean, Régis Matran,Bernard Wuyam, Corinne Alberti, Claude Gaultier, and the French Pediatric Programme Hospitalier de Recherche Clinique Group. Am J Respir Crit Care Med Vol 165. pp 1388-1394, 2002.

Finally the following paper highlights the difficulties in running longitudinal studies on children. Happy reading...

  • Is Patient Dropout From a Longitudinal Study of Lung Function Predictable and Reversible? Stephen W. Turner, and Peter N. le Souef, Pediatric Pulmonology 35:29-33 (2003)

Happy browsing!!

Kevin Gain

 

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